Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

About Coronavirus ( COVID-19 )

The most ongoing topic from the beginning of the new year 2020 is about Coronavirus. This pandemic has not spread only in one single country but it has surrounded the whole world within itself.

COVID 19 Updates

Do you know how many lives this deadly pandemic has taken up till now? 337,584 deaths has been taken place all around the world. China, the USA, Italy have the highest number of deaths due to this virus.

In order, to get the authentic information, about coronavirus, do read this article till the end.

Before, we discuss about coronavirus. It is more important to have basic knowledge about the virus.

What are the viruses?

Viruses are basically a large family of acellular means, they don’t contain any cell. All viruses act like zombies. Do you know why viruses act like zombies? It is because of their habitat. They are dead outside the host body, but once they enter inside any living host body such as animals and humans, they become alive and their mechanism to assail human cells becomes active.

Now, the real question comes,

Is the coronavirus, the same as the common viruses?

Coronavirus is also a huge family of viruses, which cause illness ailment in animals or humans. Coronavirus, not the first source that is causing

the respiratory problems in humans varying from the common cold to serve disease. There have been other viruses too which has caused airways infections such as(MERS) Middle East Respiratory Syndrome and (SARS) Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. The recent virus is known as Coronavirus Disease also as COVID-19.

What is COVID-19?

CO stands for Corona, VI stands for Virus, and D primarily stands for Disease. This disease is known as novel coronavirus because it is a new type of virus that is causing airways difficulties. Do you know why 19 is attached to it? It is because its outbreak spread to began in December 2019 in Wuhan, China.

How COVID-19 spreads?

The point of origin of this virus was from animals to humans but now it is spreading from person to person.

How it is spreading from person to person?

The main source of spreading is through indirect contact. It means when an infected person opens his/her mouth while coughing, sneezing and talking the droplets which are coming out from his nose and mouth are too heavy to be carried by air so, it quickly sinks downwards to the grounds and surfaces around the person such as doorknobs, hand drills, tables. The unique property of this virus is that it can survive for hours on different mediums like (copper, cardboard). People can be infected by touching these containment objects with a virus around them when they will touch their nose, mouth, or eyes.


This virus can also be spread through inhaling while having close contact with the infected person so, it is important to maintain a minimum of 1-meter distance from people.

How to know whether a person is infected or not?

The cycle of infection may begin one to two days before signs appear but people are likely maximum infectious all through the symptomatic phase, even if symptoms are slightly and really nonspecific. The infectious duration is now predicted to ultimate for 7-12 days in moderate cases and up to two weeks on average in intense cases.

Which age group people are most likely at risk to be affected by COVID-19?

This is a newly discovered virus and still, the investigation is going on. However, still, it is not fully discovered which is the age group is most likely to be affected by COVID-19. But, according to the doctor and medical research team, aged people of 70+ age and young children are likely to be affected by COVID-19 as their immune system is weak and they are unable to recuperate fast.

Moreover, with underlying health disease (hypertension, diabetes, asthma) are also likely to be at risk of COVID-19. In this case, the men group is slightly more at risk than the female group.

What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

covid 19 symptoms

  • Less common symptoms which people may experience includes:
  • Agony and pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Cephalalgia
  • Blocked Nose
  • Sore throat
  • Rashes
  • Some ordinary symptoms are:
  • Dry flue
  • Fever
  • Tiredness

These all symptoms are mild and begin slowly and they do not need any medical treatment. These symptoms can be treated by doing self- isolating. However, if it get sever then, it can also be fatal. So, it is better to have a test of COVID-19 as these symptoms are similar to influenza.

Nevertheless, it takes almost 5 to 6 days to show symptoms if the person is infected with the virus and it may also take up to 14 days too.

How can you protect yourself and others, when you don’t know who is infected?

Start performing all the hygienic activities which are crucial for ALL the times, particularly in this pandemic situation it is the best way to protect yourself.

Try to maintain at least 1meter distance from people particularly from those people who are having cough and flue. Since some infected person doesn’t exhibit the symptoms so, maintaining physical distance from everyone is better, where COVID-19 is spreading.

What should I do if I have no symptoms, but I think I have been exposed to COVID-19?

The best way in this is to self-quarantine yourself which means to partitioned yourself from others since you have

got been uncovered to somebody with COVID-19 indeed in spite of the


fact that you, yourself, don’t have side effects. Amid self-quarantine, you screen yourself for indications. The objective of the self-quarantine people anticipate transmission. Since individuals who gotten to

be sick with COVID-19 can contaminate individuals quickly shift to self – quarantine to avoid a few contaminations from happening.

How to do self-quarantine?

  1. Partitioned yourself from others in a well ventilated single room with all hygienic
  2. If you don’t have enough space available than, keep your bed at least one meter
  3. Keep one-meter distance from your family
  4. Observe yourself daily at least for 14
  5. Stay positive and do exercise regularly to remain


Many people are confused about self-quarantine, self-isolation, and physical distancing terminologies. So, let’s discuss them one by one as it is important to know the difference between them.

Self -Quarantine

Quarantine means to narrow down the activities and partitioned yourself from people who are not ill themselves but might be exposed to COVID-19. A self-quarantine motive is to prevent the disease at the early stage of symptoms.


Isolation means to avoid those people who are affected by COVID-19 and can become the source of spreading the disease.

Physical Distancing

Distancing means to have physically apart from people. It is a general measure that should take whether they are exposed or not to COVID-

  1. It is suggested to have at least 1-meter distance from

Table of comparison between common symptoms of common cold, hay fever, and COVID-19.

covid 19 table comparison symptoms

You all must have heard this

Prevention is better than cure.


As we all know that it is a newly discovered virus so, up till now there is no vaccine or proper treatment is available. We can only prevent this disease from spreading by taking certain measures which are:

  • Having social distancing. Maintain at least one-meter distance from everyone.
  • Avoid shaking hands
  • Self-Quarantine yourself if you think you are exposed to COVID- 19.
  • Wash your hand frequently at least for 20
  • Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with your elbow while sneezing and coughing and immediately dispose of the tissue after using
  • Evite near contact with someone who has signs of cold or
  • Seek the doctor as early as possible if you fever or having difficulty in
  • Wear a surgical mask whenever you go

One very essential thing which most people don’t know.

Proper way of washing the hands.

Here are the steps:

  1. Drenched your hands with running tap water.
  2. Use enough soap to cover your hands.
  3. Scrub all surfaces of the hands- as well as the rear of hands, between fingers and underneath nails – for a minimum of twenty seconds.
  4. Rinse your hand thoroughly with running tap
  5. Dry the hands with a clean

Always wash your hand before and after eating, after blowing nose, coughing, and sneezing.


If soap and water are not available then use alcohol-based sanitizer which must contain 70% of alcohol.

What we have concluded?

We can’t stop this virus from spreading but we can reduce it from spreading more rapidly but taken measures which are mentioned above. And ask God to have mercy on us.